First aid tips for Allergic reactions

A fifteen-year-old boy on July 19 this year from Gold Coast died after eating Calamari that he cooked in the economic class of his school. Although first aid trainers had taken immediate action, he went in an induced coma due to a deadly allergic reaction from the food. The family has gotten a lot of support from friends and family, but they are heart-broken as this loss was definitely uncalled for. The high school student was rushed into emergency as soon as he felt like he was “falling ill”, however, the teenager could not make it.

In the above mentioned case, although basic first aid was provided to the teenager, he could not make it. The immediate assistance that is to be provided in case of any emergency is known as first aid. Although every individual should more or less have a basic understanding of first aid, there are individuals who undergo extensive training in order to become First Aid Trainers.

First aid for allergic reactions

It is better to call a professional first aid trainer in case the individual in question has a history of severe allergic reactions. The symptoms may include any of the following

·        A breathing difficulty, or, wheezing, as it is commonly known

·        Having trouble in speaking, that is, severe hoarseness in voice.

·        Swelling of throat, tongue or lips or any other body parts which do not generally swell up.

·        Having any sort of tightness in the throat which might make one feel like the airways are closing up.

·        Abnormally fast heart beat.

·        Nausea or vomiting or any sort of abdominal pain or uneasiness.

·        Any other symptom similar to previous allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) case histories of that individual. apl health care

However, it may so happen that there aren’t any first aid trainers available immediately, hence it is important that certain first aid trainer supplies should be present at all times, in case the individual has a history of severe allergic reaction. Some tips are mentioned below –

·        Two epinephrine injection kits are to be kept ready all the time in case of individuals will severe allergic reaction history. There’s no need to be hesitant in using these auto injectors, in case there are any signs of anaphylaxis, even if unsure, because these injectors are not harmful to the human body.

·        It is important to know that injecting epinephrine into the vein or buttock muscles should be avoided and should be preferably injected on the outer thigh muscles. Also injecting the medicine into hands or feet might lead so severe tissue damage, so that should be avoided too.

·        The individuals might need more than one injection if the symptoms do not subside a little after the first. The second injection can be given after 5 to 10 minutes of the application of the first.

·        In case of symptoms of mild allergy such as hives or hay fever, an over-the-counter antihistamine can be provided to the individual. Allergy eye drops in case of watery or itchy eyes, decongestant for stuffy nose and hydrocortisone creams for allergic rashes can be provided.